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NCLEX  Endocrine

In which area of the chest should the nurse expect to auscultate this breath sound? (Refer to audio.)

  1. The nurse is collecting data regarding a client after a thyroidectomy and notes that the client has developed hoarseness and a weak voice. Which nursing action is appropriate?
  2. The nurse is assisting with preparing a teaching plan for the client with diabetes mellitus regarding proper foot care. Which instruction should be included in the plan of care?
  3. The nurse provides dietary instructions to a client with diabetes mellitus regarding the prescribed diabetic diet. Which statement made by the client indicates the need for further teaching?
  4. A client who has been newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus has been stabilized with daily insulin injections. Which teaching information should the nurse reinforce upon discharge?
  5. The nurse reinforces teaching with a client with diabetes mellitus regarding differentiating between hypoglycemia and ketoacidosis. The client demonstrates an understanding of the teaching by stating that glucose will be taken if which symptom develops?
  6. When the nurse is reinforcing instructions to a client who has been newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus, which statement by the client would indicate that teaching has been effective?
  7. The nurse is monitoring a client who has been newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus for signs of complications. Which statement made by the client would indicate hyperglycemia and thus warrant health care provider notification?
  8. The nurse is reinforcing instructions with a client with diabetes mellitus who is recovering from diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) regarding measures to prevent a recurrence. Which instruction is important for the nurse to emphasize?
  9. The nurse is reinforcing discharge teaching with a client who has Cushing’s syndrome. Which statement by the client indicates that the instructions related to dietary management were understood?
  10.  The nurse educator is asking the nursing student to recall the signs/symptoms of hypothyroidism. The nurse educator determines that the student understands this disorder if which are included in the student’s response? Select all that apply.
  11.  The nurse is caring for a postoperative parathyroidectomy client. Which would require the nurse’s immediate attention?
  12. The nurse notes that a client with type 1 diabetes mellitus has lipodystrophy on both upper thighs. Which further information should the nurse obtain from the client during data collection?
  13. A client with type 1 diabetes mellitus calls the nurse to report recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia. Which statement by the client indicates a correct understanding of Humulin N insulin and exercise?
  14. The nursing instructor asks a student to describe the pathophysiology that occurs in Cushing’s disease. Which statement by the student indicates an accurate understanding of this disorder?
  15. A client with type 1 diabetes mellitus is to begin an exercise program, and the nurse is reinforcing instructions to the client regarding the program. Which should the nurse include in the instructions?

Take a blood glucose test before exercising.

  1.  The nurse should expect to note which interventions in the plan of care for a client with hypothyroidism? Select all that apply.
  2. Which client complaint should alert the nurse to a possible hypoglycemic reaction?
  3. Which nursing action would be appropriate to implement when a client has a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma?
  4. The nurse is caring for a client with pheochromocytoma. The client is scheduled for an adrenalectomy. During the preoperative period, the priority nursing action should be to monitor which criterion?
  5. The nurse is caring for a client with pheochromocytoma. The client asks for a snack and something warm to drink. Which is the appropriate choice for this client to meet nutritional needs?
  6. The nurse is caring for a client with pheochromocytoma. Which data are indicative of a potential complication associated with this disorder?
  7.  The nurse is caring for a client after a thyroidectomy and monitoring for signs of thyroid storm. The nurse determines that which sign/symptom is indicative that a thyroid storm may be occurring?
  8. When caring for a client who is having clear drainage from his nares after transsphenoidal hypophysectomy, which action by the nurse is essential?
  9. After several diagnostic tests, a client is diagnosed with diabetes insipidus. The nurse understands that which signs/symptoms are indicative of this disorder?
  10. Which signs/symptoms should the nurse expect to note when collecting data on a client with Addison’s disease?
  11. Which measure should the nurse anticipate being included in the plan of care for a client who has been diagnosed with Graves’ disease?
  12.  The nurse is preparing to reinforce instructions to a client with Addison’s disease regarding diet therapy. The nurse understands that which diet should be prescribed for this client?
  13. The nurse is caring for a client with a diagnosis of hypoparathyroidism. The nurse reviews the client’s laboratory results and notes that the calcium level is extremely low. The nurse should expect to note which sign/symptom on data collection?
  14. The nurse is providing instructions to a client newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. The nurse gives the client a list of the signs of hyperglycemia. Which specific signs of this complication should be included on the list?
  15. The nurse enters the room of a client with type 1 diabetes mellitus and finds the client difficult to arouse. The client’s skin is warm and flushed, and the pulse and respiratory rate are elevated from the client’s baseline. Which action should the nurse implement?
  16. A client with type 1 diabetes mellitus takes NPH insulin every morning and checks the blood glucose level four times per day. The client tells the nurse that yesterday the late afternoon blood glucose was 60 mg/dL and that she “felt funny.” Which statement by the client indicates an understanding of this occurrence?
  17. The nurse is reinforcing instructions to a client with diabetes mellitus about blood glucose monitoring and monitoring for signs of hypoglycemia. The nurse should teach the client that which result is a sign of hypoglycemia?
  18. The nurse caring for a client scheduled for a transsphenoidal hypophysectomy to remove a tumor in the pituitary gland assists in developing a plan of care for the client. The nurse suggests including which specific information in the preoperative teaching plan?
  19.  Following hypophysectomy, a client complains of being very thirsty and having to urinate frequently. Which is the initial nursing action?
  20.  The nurse is reviewing a health care provider’s prescriptions for a client with newly diagnosed, untreated hypothyroidism. Which medication prescribed for the client should the nurse question and verify?
  21. A client is brought to the emergency department in an unresponsive state, and a diagnosis of hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) is made. The nurse who is assisting with care for the client obtains which item in preparation for the treatment of this syndrome?
  22. A client with a diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is being treated in the emergency department. Which finding should the nurse expect to note as confirming this diagnosis?
  23. A client is admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). The initial serum glucose level was 950 mg/dL. Intravenous (IV) insulin was started along with rehydration with IV normal saline. The serum glucose level is now 240 mg/dL. The nurse who is assisting in caring for the client obtains which item, anticipating a health care provider’s prescription?
  24. A client with diabetes mellitus is being discharged following treatment for hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) precipitated by acute illness. The client states to the nurse, “I will call the doctor next time I can’t eat for more than a day or so.” The nurse plans care, understanding that which statement accurately reflects this client’s level of knowledge?
  25. A health care provider has prescribed propylthiouracil (PTU) for a client with hyperthyroidism, and the nurse assists in developing a plan of care for the client. Which nursing measure would be included in the plan regarding this medication?
  26. The nurse is assisting in preparing a care plan for a client with diabetes mellitus who has hyperglycemia. The nurse should focus on which potential problem for this client?
  27. The nurse is assigned to care for a client at home who has a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus. When the nurse arrives to care for the client, the client tells the nurse that she has been vomiting and has diarrhea. Which additional statement by the client indicates a need for further teaching?
  28.  The nurse is assigned to assist in caring for a client admitted to the emergency department with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Which is the priority nursing action for this client who is in the acute phase?
  29. A client with type 2 diabetes mellitus has a blood glucose of more than 600 mg/dL and is complaining of polydipsia, polyuria, weight loss, and weakness. The nurse reviews the health care provider’s documentation and would expect to note which diagnosis?
  30. The nurse has collected data on a client with diabetes mellitus. Findings include a fasting blood glucose of 130 mg/dL, temperature 101° F, pulse of 88 beats per minute, respirations of 22 breaths per minute, and a blood pressure of 118/78 mm Hg. Which finding would be of concern to the nurse?
  31. The nurse is collecting data from a client newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus regarding the client’s learning readiness. Which client behavior indicates to the nurse that the client is not ready to learn?
  32. A client with diabetes mellitus visits the health care clinic. The client previously had been well controlled with glyburide (DiaBeta), but recently, the fasting blood glucose has been running 180 to 200 mg/dL. Which medication, if added to the client’s regimen, may be contributing to the hyperglycemia?        
  33. The nurse in an outpatient diabetes clinic is assisting in caring for a client on insulin pump therapy. Which statement by the client indicates that a need for teaching regarding insulin pump therapy
  34. A client with Graves’ disease has exophthalmos and is experiencing photophobia. Which intervention would best assist the client with this problem?
  35. The nurse caring for a client who has had a subtotal thyroidectomy reviews the plan of care and determines which problem is the priority for this client in the immediate postoperative period?
  36. A comatose client with an admitting diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) has a blood glucose value of 368 mg/dL, arterial pH of 7.2, arterial bicarbonate of 14 mEq/L, and is positive for serum ketones. The diagnosis is supported by which noted data?
  37. The nurse is collecting data on a client admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of myxedema. Which data collection technique would provide data necessary to support the admitting diagnosis?
  38. A client with Cushing’s disease is being admitted to the hospital after a stab wound to the abdomen. The nurse plans care and places highest priority on which potential problem?
  39. The nurse has reinforced instructions about measuring blood glucose levels to a client newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. The nurse determines that the client understands the procedure when making which most accurate statement?
  40. The nurse is reinforcing dietary instructions to a client newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. The nurse accurately instructs the client with which statement?
  41. A client with diabetes mellitus who takes insulin is seen in the health care clinic. The client tells the nurse that after giving the injection, the insulin seems to leak through the skin. The nurse can appropriately determine the problem by asking the client which?
  42. The nurse is reinforcing instructions to a client newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus regarding insulin administration. The health care provider has prescribed a mixture of NPH and regular insulin. The nurse should stress that which is the first step?
  43. The nurse is reviewing the prescriptions of a client diagnosed with diabetes mellitus who was admitted because of an infected foot ulcer. Which health care provider’s prescription supports the treatment of this condition?
  44. The nurse is assisting in preparing a plan of care for the client with diabetes mellitus and plans to reinforce the client’s understanding regarding the signs/symptoms of hypoglycemia. Which signs/symptoms should the nurse review?
  45. The nurse notes in the medical record that a client with Cushing’s syndrome is experiencing fluid overload. Which interventions should be included in the plan of care? Select all that apply.
  46. A nursing student notes in the medical record that a client with Cushing’s syndrome is experiencing body image disturbances. The need for additional education regarding this problem is identified when the nursing student suggests which nursing intervention?
  47. The nurse is caring for a client following an adrenalectomy and is monitoring for signs of adrenal insufficiency. Which are signs and symptoms related to adrenal insufficiency? Select all that apply.
  48. The nurse is reinforcing home care instructions to a client with a diagnosis of Cushing’s syndrome. Which client statement reflects a need for further teaching?
  49. The nurse is reviewing a plan of care for a client with Addison’s disease. The nurse notes that the client is at risk for dehydration and suggests nursing interventions that will prevent this occurrence. Which nursing intervention is an appropriate component of the plan of care? Select all that apply
  50. The nurse is reviewing the postoperative prescriptions for a client who had a transsphenoidal hypophysectomy. Which health care provider’s prescription noted on the record indicates the need for clarification?
  51. The nurse reviews a plan of care for a postoperative client following a thyroidectomy and notes that the client is at risk for breathing difficulty. Which nursing intervention should the nurse include in the plan of care?
  52. The nurse is monitoring a client following a thyroidectomy for signs/symptoms of hypocalcemia. Which sign/symptom noted in the client indicates the presence of hypocalcemia?
  53. The nurse is caring for a client following a thyroidectomy. The client tells the nurse that she is concerned because of voice hoarseness. The client asks the nurse whether the hoarseness will subside. Which statement by the nurse regarding the hoarseness is accurate?
  54. The nurse is monitoring a client with Graves’ disease for signs of thyrotoxic crisis (thyroid storm). Which signs and symptoms noted in the client should alert the nurse to the presence of this crisis? Select all that apply.
  55. Which client is at risk for developing thyrotoxicosis?
  56. The nurse is caring for a client diagnosed with hyperparathyroidism who is prescribed furosemide (Lasix). The nurse reinforces dietary instructions to the client. Which is an appropriate instruction?
  57. The nurse has reinforced instructions to the client with hyperparathyroidism regarding home care measures related to exercise. Which statement by the client indicates a need for further teaching? Select all that apply.
  58. The nurse has reinforced dietary instructions to a client with a diagnosis of hypoparathyroidism. The nurse instructs the client to include which item in the diet?
  59. The nurse has reinforced home care measures to a client diagnosed with diabetes mellitus regarding exercise and insulin administration. Which statement by the client indicates a need for further teaching?
  60. The nurse is caring for a client newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. The client asks the nurse whether eating at a restaurant will affect the diabetic control and whether this is allowed. Which nursing response is appropriate?
  61. A client who is managing diabetes mellitus with insulin injections asks the nurse for information about any necessary changes in her diet to avoid hyperinsulinism. Which diet would be appropriate for the client?
  62. A client has an endocrine system dysfunction of the pancreas. The nurse anticipates that the client will exhibit impaired secretion of which substance?
  63. The nurse is reinforcing discharge instructions to a client who had a unilateral adrenalectomy. Which information should be a component of the instructions?
  64. The nurse is caring for a client experiencing thyroid storm. Which should be a priority concern for this client?
  65. The nurse is collecting data on a client with hyperparathyroidism. Which question would elicit accurate information about this condition from the client?
  66. A client is in metabolic acidosis caused by diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). The nurse prepares for the administration of which medication as a primary treatment for this problem?
  67. The nurse is caring for a postoperative adrenalectomy client. Which finding does the nurse specifically monitor for in this client?
  68. The nurse is caring for a client with a diagnosis of myasthenia gravis. The health care provider plans to perform an edrophonium (Enlon) test on the client to determine the presence of cholinergic crisis. In addition to planning care for the client during this testing, which equipment will the nurse ensure is at the bedside?
  69. A client with myxedema has changes in intellectual function such as impaired memory, decreased attention span, and lethargy. The client’s husband is upset and shares his concerns with the nurse. Which statement by the nurse is helpful to the client’s husband?
  70. A client with hypoparathyroidism has hypocalcemia. The nurse avoids giving the client the prescribed vitamin and calcium supplement with which liquid?
  71. A client is diagnosed with hyperparathyroidism. The nurse teaching the client about dietary alterations to manage the disorder tells the client to limit which food in the diet?             
  72. The nurse participating in a free health screening at the local mall obtains a random blood glucose level of 200 mg/dL on an otherwise healthy client. The nurse tells the client to do which as a next step?
  73. The nurse is instructing a client with Addison’s disease about a newly prescribed medication, fludrocortisone acetate (Florinef). Which statement by the client indicates a need for further teaching?
  74. The nurse reviews the nursing care plan of an older client with diabetic neuropathy of the lower extremities as a result of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The nurse plans care, knowing that which problem has the highest priority for this client?
  75. An older client with a history of hyperparathyroidism and severe osteoporosis is hospitalized. The nurse caring for the client plans to address which problem first?
  76. A client has been diagnosed with hypoparathyroidism. Which food groups should be included in the diet?
  77. A hospitalized client is newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. The client must take both NPH and Regular insulin for glucose control. The nurse develops a teaching plan to help the client meet which outcome as a first step in managing the disease?
  78. A client newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus takes NPH insulin every day at 7:00 am. The nurse has taught the client how to recognize the signs of hypoglycemia. The nurse determines that the client understands the information presented if the client watches for which signs and symptoms in the late afternoon?
  79. A client newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus is having difficulty learning the technique of blood glucose measurement. The nurse should teach the client to do which action to perform the procedure properly?
  80. The nurse is planning to instruct a client with diabetes mellitus who has hypertension about “sick day management.” Which beverage does the nurse avoid putting on a list of easily consumed carbohydrate-containing beverages for use when the client cannot tolerate food orally?
  81. The nurse is monitoring the results of periodic serum laboratory studies drawn on a client with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) receiving an insulin infusion. The nurse determines that which value needs to be reported?
  82. The wife of a client with diabetes mellitus who takes insulin calls the nurse in a health care provider’s office about her husband. She states that her husband is sleepy and that his skin is warm and flushed. She adds that his breathing is faster than normal and his pulse rate seems fast. Which action should the nurse tell the wife to do first?
  83. A client recently diagnosed with diabetes mellitus requiring insulin tells the clinic nurse that he is traveling by air throughout the next week. The client asks the nurse for any suggestions about managing the disorder while traveling. Which action should the nurse tell the client to do?                         
  84. A client scheduled for a thyroidectomy says to the nurse, “I am so scared to get cut in my neck.” Based on the client’s statement, the nurse determines that the client is experiencing which problem?
  85. The nurse is caring for a client with Addison’s disease. The nurse checks the client’s vital signs and determines that the client has orthostatic hypotension. The nurse determines that this finding relates to which factor?
  86. Which nursing measure would be effective in preventing complications in a client with Addison’s disease?
  87. The nurse is collecting data on a client with a diagnosis of hypothyroidism. Which of these behaviors, if present in the client’s history, should the nurse determine as being likely related to the symptoms of this disorder?
  88. While collecting data on a client being prepared for an adrenalectomy, the nurse obtains a temperature reading of 100.8° F. The nurse analyzes this temperature reading as which?
  89. The anticipated intended effect of fludrocortisone acetate (Florinef) for the treatment of Addison’s disease is which?
  90. The nurse is caring for a client with hypothyroidism who is overweight. Which food items should the nurse suggest to include in the plan?
  91. A client has a blood glucose level drawn for suspected hyperglycemia. After interviewing the client, the nurse determines that the client ate lunch approximately 2 hours before the blood specimen was drawn. The laboratory reports the blood glucose to be 180 mg/dL, and the nurse analyzes this result as indicative of which interpretation?
  92. In planning nutrition for the client with hypoparathyroidism, which diet would be appropriate?
  93. The nurse is caring for a client with type 1 diabetes mellitus who is hyperglycemic. Which problem should the nurse consider first, when planning care for this client
  94. A preoperative client is scheduled for adrenalectomy to remove a pheochromocytoma. The nurse should most closely monitor which assessment in the preoperative period?
  95. The nurse working on an endocrine nursing unit understands that which correct concept is used in planning care?
  96. Glucagon hydrochloride injection would most likely be prescribed for which disorder?
  97. The nurse is caring for a child with a diagnosis of diabetes insipidus. The nurse anticipates that the health care provider will prescribe which medications?
  98. When caring for a client diagnosed with pheochromocytoma, which information should the nurse know when assisting with planning care?
  99. A client with pheochromocytoma is scheduled for surgery and says to the nurse, “I’m not sure that surgery is the best thing to do.” Which response by the nurse is appropriate?
  100. A client with Cushing’s syndrome verbalizes concern to the nurse regarding the appearance of the buffalo hump that has developed. Which response by the nurse is appropriate?
  101. A client with diabetes mellitus demonstrates acute anxiety when admitted to the hospital for the treatment of hyperglycemia. Which intervention would be appropriate to decrease the client’s anxiety         
  102. The nurse is collecting data from a client with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Which statement by the client indicates an understanding of the medication regimen?
  103. The nurse is collecting data from a client who is being admitted to the hospital for a diagnostic workup for primary hyperparathyroidism. The nurse understands that which client complaint would be characteristic of this disorder?
  104. The nurse is preparing to discharge a client who has had a parathyroidectomy. When reinforcing instructions to the client about the prescribed oral calcium supplement, which information should the nurse include?
  105. A client is brought to the emergency department with suspected diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Which finding should the nurse note as being consistent with this diagnosis?
  106. A client is admitted with a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. The nurse should monitor which parameter to detect the most common sign of pheochromocytoma?
  107. During data collection on a postoperative client who has undergone hypophysectomy, the client complains of thirst and frequent urination. Knowing the expected complication of this surgery, the nurse should check which parameter next?
  108. A client with diabetes mellitus is scheduled to have a fasting blood glucose level determined in the morning. The nurse tells the client not to eat or drink after midnight. When the client asks for further information, the nurse clarifies by stating that which should be acceptable to take before the test?
  109. A client with a pituitary tumor will undergo transsphenoidal hypophysectomy. The nurse reinforces which information in the preoperative teaching plan for the client?
  110. A client who returned to the nursing unit 8 hours ago after hypophysectomy has clear drainage saturating the nasal dressing. The nurse should take which action?
  111. A client with newly diagnosed Cushing’s syndrome expresses concern about personal appearance, specifically about the “buffalo hump” that has developed at the base of the neck. When counseling the client about this symptom, the nurse should incorporate which knowledge?
  112. A client has just been admitted with a diagnosis of myxedema coma. If all of the following interventions were prescribed, the nurse should place highest priority on completing which action first?
  113. The nurse has just supervised a newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus client self-inject NPH insulin at 7:30 ??. The nurse reviews the time frames for peak insulin action with the client, telling the client to be especially watchful for a hypoglycemic reaction between which time frame?
  114. The nurse is discussing foot care with a diabetic client and the spouse. The nurse includes which instruction during this informational session?
  115. The nurse has provided diabetic teaching with the family of a client newly diagnosed with diabetes. The nurse determines that the family understands the reason for having glucagon on hand for emergency home use if the family indicates that the purpose of the medication is to treat which condition?
  116. After receiving furosemide (Lasix) 40 mg slow intravenous push for chest pain related to shortness of breath and generalized edema, the client responds poorly. The client has no relief of the chest pain, shortness of breath, or edema and only minimal urine output (less than 40 mL of urine). The health care provider is notified, and after reviewing the chart, suspects the client has syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). Which findings would lead to this specific diagnosis? Refer to chart.

 

  
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